The influence of weather conditions during an autumn period on the development of basic wreckers and diseases of agrocenosis of winter wheat in Forest-Steppe zone

  • L. Parminska NSC «Institute of Agriculture of NAAS», 2-B, Mashynobudivnikyv str., Chabany, Kyevo-Svyatoshynsky district, Kyiv region, Ukraine, 08162
  • N. Havryliuk NSC «Institute of Agriculture of NAAS», 2-B, Mashynobudivnikyv str., Chabany, Kyevo-Svyatoshynsky district, Kyiv region, Ukraine, 08162
Keywords: winter wheat, pests, diseases, temperature, precipitation, timing of sowing


Goal. To investigate the influence of weather conditions, to specify the terms of sowing in an autumn period and their influence on the phytosanitary condition of winter wheat’s agrocenosis in the Forest-steppe zone. In conditions of climate change, specify the quantitative composition of the entomological and on phytopathogenic complexes in winter wheat chrops and the peculiarities of their manifestation.

Methods. Field research, laboratory research, and analytical research. The field researches have been conducted in the conditions of monitoring inspections. The results of the experimental data are counted and collected using modern standard computer programs (Word, Excel).

Results. Influence of weather conditions was investigated in the autumn period (air temperature, amount of precipitation) for 2006—2016 and the long-term seasonal dynamics of the number of basic wreckers on winter wheat sowing and detected features during climate change. Many years of weather conditions during winter wheat sowing have been analyzed.

Conclusions. Global warming and drought caused by it in the autumn period prolonged the term of the autumn vegetation of winter wheat. Through droughty conditions, or over wetting optimal terms of sowing were displaced for later. It was researched that optimal terms of winter wheat sowing are considered in the zone of the North Forest-steppe from 15—25 September, which is allowed until 30 September. The increase in air temperature and a sufficient amount of precipitation in the autumn period leads to dissemination of sowing the most widespread wreckers and affection of plants by diseases. With the approach of ETL, there may be a need for protective measures in the conditions of early sowing and prolonged warm autumn, especially after colony precursors. Autumn spraying crops with fungicidal agents prevents plant infections by pathogens in the early phases of plant development.


Adamenko T.I. (2014). Ahroklimatychne zonuvannia terytorii Ukrainy z vrakhuvanniam zminy klimatu. [Agroclimatic zoning of the territory of Ukraine taking into account climate change]. Kyiv. 15 s. (in Ukrainian).

Hlobalni zminy klimatu. Ukrainska hazeta Plius № 5 (185). 18—31 hrudnia 2008 r. [Global climate change. Ukrainian newspaper Plus № 5 (185). December 18-31, 2008]. URL: (in Ukrainian).

Adamenko T.I. Zmina ahroklimatychnykh umov ta yikhnii vplyv na zernove hospodarstvo Ukrainy. [Changes in agroclimatic conditions and their impact on the grain economy of Ukraine]. URL: (in Ukrainian).

Adamenko T. (2015). Pohodni umovy vehetatsiinoho periodu ta yikh vplyv na urozhai zerna. [Weather conditions of the growing season and their influence on grain yield]. Ahronom. № 3. S. 14—17. (in Ukrainian).

Kozak H.P. (2005). Shkidlyvyi entomokompleks ozymoi pshenytsi v Lisostepu Ukrainy v umovakh zminy klimatu. [Harmful entomocomplex of winter wheat in the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine in the conditions of climate change]. Zemlerobstvo: Mizhvid. tem. nauk. zb. Kyiv. Vyp. 77. S. 65—72. (in Ukrainian).

Chaika V.M., Siadrysta О.B., H.P. Kozak. (2005). Na tli zminy klimatu. [Against the background of climate change]. Karantyn i zakhyst roslyn. № 6. S. 11—13. (in Ukrainian).

Trybel S.O., Siadrysta O.B. (2002). Pohoda i fitosanitarnyi stan ahrotsenoziv. [Weather and phytosanitary condition of agrocenoses]. Karantyn i zakhyst roslyn. №7. S. 1. (in Ukrainian).

Chaika V.M. (2003). Ekolohichne obgruntuvannia prohnozu rozpovsiudzhennia osnovnykh shkidnykiv polovykh kultur v ahrotsenozakh Ukrainy [Ecological substantiation of the forecast of distribution of the main pests of field crops in agrocenoses of Ukraine] : avtoref. dys. doktora s.-h. nauk: spets. 03.00.16 «Ekolohiia». Kyiv, 23 s. (in Ukrainian).

Demenko V.S., Vlasenko O.M., Yemets V.M., Sarbash V.M. (2012). Obgruntuvannia chyselnosti osnovnykh shkidnykiv zernovykh kultur v umovakh pivnichno-skhidnoho Lisostepu Ukrainy. [Substantiation of the number of the main pests of grain crops in the conditions of the north-eastern Forest-steppe of Ukraine]. Visnyk Sumskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu: seriia Ahronomiia i biolohiia. Byp. 9(24), S. 14—18. (in Ukrainian).

Kaminskyi,V.F., Hadzalo Ya.M., Saiko V.F., Korniichuk M.S. (2015). Zemlerobstvo KhKhI stolittia — problemy ta shliakhy vyrishennia. [Agriculture of the XXI century - problems and solutions]. Kyiv: VP Edelveis, 272 s. (in Ukrainian).

Korniichuk M.S. (2016). Napriamy pokrashchennia fitosanitarnoho stanu gruntiv i posiviv silskohospodarskykh kultur. Shliakhy pidvyshchennia efektyvnosti vykorystannia zemli v suchasnykh umovakh. [Directions for improving the phytosanitary condition of soils and crops. Ways to increase the efficiency of land use in modern conditions]. Kyiv: VP Edelveis, S. 213—235. (in Ukrainian).

Cherenkov A.V., Cherenkov A.V., Solodushko M.M., Solodushko V.P. (2014). Vplyv klimatychnykh zmin na stroky sivby pshenytsi ozymoi v umovakh Pivnichnoho Stepu. [Influence of climatic changes on sowing dates of winter wheat in the Northern Steppe]. Ahronom. №3. S. 80—84. (in Ukrainian).

Nova klimatychna era: hlobalne poteplinnia mozhe maty dlia Ukrainy yak nehatyvni, tak i pozytyvni naslidky. [A new climate era: global warming can have both negative and positive consequences for Ukraine]. URL: http:/// (in Ukrainian).

How to Cite
Parminska, L., & Havryliuk, N. (2019). The influence of weather conditions during an autumn period on the development of basic wreckers and diseases of agrocenosis of winter wheat in Forest-Steppe zone. Quarantine and Plant Protection, (1-2), 10-14.