Quarantine treatments of fresh vegetables and flower cuts against the western flower thrips

  • Yu. Kletchkovsky Experimental station of quarantine of grapes and fruit crops of the Institute of plants protection of NAAS, 49, Fontanskaya road str., Odessa, Ukraine 65049
  • E. Niamtsu Experimental station of quarantine of grapes and fruit crops of the Institute of plants protection of NAAS, 49, Fontanskaya road str., Odessa, Ukraine 65049
Keywords: Western Flower Trips, Montreal Protocol, COPT, Methyl Bromide, Carbon Dioxide, compound, efficiency

Abstract

Goal. Minimization of methane bromide consumption rates in mixtures with carbon dioxide in saturated vapor and supercritical fluid states, under conditions of 100 %technical efficiency, against the western flower thrips in fresh vegetable and flower-decorative products.

Methods. The following methods were used in the research: the analysis of knowledge systems in the field of physics, chemistry and biology, necessary in the sphere of fumigation; analogies (modeling), namely the application of fumigation parameters to species with similar morphological and biological features; study of scientific sources (paper and electronic), literary monographs and legislative and normative acts in the fumigation industry; expert assessments — experts were familiarized with the task of research to obtain their recommendations useful for its implementation; experimental — carrying out fumigation treatment in laboratory conditions, using the necessary equipment; mathematical and statistical — according to the method of B. Dospekhov, as well as using computer mathematical functions built into the program Microsoft Excel 2010.

Results. Norms of consumption of methyl bromide in mixtures with carbon dioxide in the state of saturated carbon dioxide vapor decreased by 2 times, and supercritical fluid (by 4 times).

Conclusions. The results of the studies made it possible to confirm that quarantine treatments by fumigating fresh vegetables and flower sections with a mixture of carbon dioxide and methyl bromide against such a quarantine pest like the western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis Perg.) are possible with a CH3Br flow rate four times lower than its dosage use in pure form.

References

Baranovskyi M.M. Identyfikatsiina kharakterystyka lychynky trypsiv okremykh adventyvnykh vydiv rodu Frankliniella. [Identification characteristic of thrips larvae of separate adventive species of the genus Frankliniella]. Visnyk Kyivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu im. T. Shevchenka. Biolohiia. 2003. № 39—41. S. 100—101. (in Ukrainian).

Bolshakova V.M. (2003). Zakhidnyi kvitkovyi tryps (Frankliniella occidentalis P.) i yoho metody vyiavlennia v vantazhakh ta ahrotsenozakh. [Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis P.) and its methods of detection in cargoes and agrocenoses]. Propozytsiia. № 1. S. 60. (in Ukrainian).

Borzykh O.I. (Klechkovskyi Yu.E. Ed.). (2011). Karantynni orhanizmy v Ukraini ta zakhody rehuliuvannia yikh chyselnosti. [Quarantine organisms in Ukraine and measures to regulate their number]. Odesa. TOV «Elton», 138 s. (in Ukrainian).

Zamena ili umen'shenie ispol'zovaniya bromistogo metila v kachestve fitosanitarnoy mery. Rekomendatsii po fitosanitarnym meram R-03. FAO. MKKZR. 2017. [Replacing or reducing the use of methyl bromide as a phytosanitary measure. Recommendations for Phytosanitary Measures R-03. FAO. IPPC. 2017]. URL: https://www.ippc.int/static/media/files/publication/ru/2017/08/R-03_Ru_2017-08-24_Combined.pdf (in Russian).

Dulherova V.O., Omeliuta V.P. (1998). Novyi dlia Ukrainy karantynnyi shkidnyk — zakhidnyi kvitkovyi tryps Frankliniella occidentalis P. (Thysanoptera, Thripidae). Pratsi V zizdu UET. [A new quarantine pest for Ukraine is the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis P. (Thysanoptera, Thripidae). Proceedings of the V Congress of the Ukrainian Entomological Society]. Vestnyk zoolohyy. № 5. S. 20, № 9. S. 51—52. (in Ukrainian).

Karantinnaya obrabotka i obrabotka pered transportirovkoy. Doklad sekretariata po 27 soveshchaniyu rab. gruppy otkrytogo sostava Storon Monreal'skogo protokola po veshchestvam, razrushayushchim ozonovyy sloy ot 4—7 iyunya 2007 goda. [Quarantine and pre-shipment handling. Secretariat report on the 27th meeting open-ended groups of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer from 4-7 June 2007]. Nayrobi. 8 s. UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/27/5. URL: https://unep.ch/ozone/Meeting_Documents/oewg/27oewg/OEWG-27-5R.pdf (in Russian).

Mizhnarodna konventsiia pro zakhyst roslyn. Dokument vid 06.12.1951 roku № 995_805. [International Plant Protection Convention. Document dated 06.12.1951 № 995_805. Database "Legislation of Ukraine". Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.]. Baza danykh «Zakonodavstvo Ukrainy». VR Ukrainy. URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_805. (in Ukrainian).

Ohliad poshyrennia karantynnykh orhanizmiv v Ukraini. Derzhsluzhba Ukrainy z pytan bezpechnosti kharchovykh produktiv ta zakhystu spozhyvachiv. [Review of the spread of quarantine organisms in Ukraine. State Service of Ukraine for Food Safety and Consumer Protection]. URL: http://www.consumer.gov.ua/ (in Ukrainian).

Pro karantyn roslyn. Zakon vid 30.06.1993 № 3348-XII. [About plant quarantine. Law of 30.06.1993 № 3348-XII]. URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/ (in Ukrainian).

Pro deiaki pytannia realizatsii Zakonu Ukrainy «Pro karantyn roslyn». Postanova KMU vid 12 travnia 2007 r. № 705. [On some issues of implementation of the Law of Ukraine "On Plant Quarantine". Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of May 12, 2007 № 705]. URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/705-2007-%D0%BF (in Ukrainian).

Trybel S.O., Siharova D.D., Sekun M.P. ta in. (Trybel S.O. Ed.). (2001). Metodyky vyprobovuvannia i zastosuvannia pestytsydiv. [Methods of testing and application of pesticides]. Kyiv: Svit. S. 90. (in Ukrainian).

Maslov M.I., Magomedov U.Sh., Mordkovich Ya.B. (2007). Osnovy karantinnogo obezzarazhivaniya: monografiya. [Basics of quarantine disinfection: monograph]. Voronezh. Nauchnaya kniga. 196 s. (in Russian).

Monreal'skiy protokol po veshchestvam, razrushayushchim ozonovyy sloy. Sekretariat po ozonu. [Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. Ozone Secretariat]. URL: https://ozone.unep.org/sites/default/files/Montreal-Protocol-Russian.pdf (in Russian).

Monro Kh.A. (1962). Rukovodstvo po fumigatsii dlya bor'by s nasekomymi. [Fumigation Guide for Insect Control]. Voprosy karantina rasteniy: sb. nauchn. rab. Moskva: Sel'khozizdat, Vyp. 10. S. 39 — 225. (in Russian).

Mordkovich Ya.B., Vashakmadze G.G. (2001). Karantinnaya fumigatsiya (metodicheskoe rukovodstvo). [Quarantine fumigation (methodological guide)]. Rostov-na-Donu: Izd-vo Rost. un-ta, 320 s. (in Russian).

Primenenie bromistogo metila v tselyakh KOOPT i ego zameniteli. [The use of methyl bromide for QPSS purposes and its substitutes]. Programma YuNEP. Parizh. 2015. 8 s. URL: http://web.unep.org/ozonaction/ (in Russian).

Tyshchenko V.P. (1986). Fiziologiya nasekomykh: ucheb. posobie dlya studentov universitetov, obuchayushchikhsya po spetsial'nosti «Biologiya». [Physiology of insects: a textbook for university students enrolled in the specialty "Biology"]. Moskva: Vyssh. shk., S. 45. (in Russian).

Shoven R. (Pavlovskiy E.N. Ed.). (1953). Fiziologiya nasekomykh. Perevod s frantsuzskogo V.V. Khvostovoy. [Physiology of insects. Translated from French by V.V. Khvostovoy]. Moskva. S. 221—252. (in Russian).

Bond E.J. (1989). Manual of fumigation for insect control. FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 54. UN FAO, Rome, Italy. 351 pp. URL: www.fao.org/docrep/x5042e/x5042E00.htm#Contents].

Treatment Manual. USDA — APHIS. URL: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/treatment.pdf.

UNEP/IPPC (2008). Methyl Bromide: Quarantine and Preshipment uses. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya, 16 pp.

Published
2019-01-20
How to Cite
Kletchkovsky, Y., & Niamtsu , E. (2019). Quarantine treatments of fresh vegetables and flower cuts against the western flower thrips. Quarantine and Plant Protection, (1-2), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.36495/2312-0614.2019.1-2.1-4