Control of butters in lines culinaris medic

  • V. Reznik Institute of Bioenergetic Cultures and Sugar Beet NAAS, 25, Klinichna str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03110
  • S. Moshkovska Institute of Bioenergetic Cultures and Sugar Beet NAAS, 25, Klinichna str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03110
Keywords: weeds, lentils, herbicides, protection system

Abstract

Goal. To develop an effective system for the protection of crops of lentils from weeds by chemical methods. Objective: to investigate the dynamics of the processes of weed infestation, the species composition of weeds, the structure, number and mass of weeds; to study the factors of the negative impact of weeds on lentil plants in the process of their joint vegetation; search and evaluation in field conditions of the effectiveness of herbicides and their compositions on edible lentil crops.

Methods. Common and special methods: field — the study of the influence of growing conditions and winter hardiness on the performance indicators of edible lentils; laboratory — determination of quantitative and qualitative signs; statistical — the establishment of mathematical models and statistical dependencies between the studied factors and processes.

Results. It has been established that with the use of the herbicide Zenkor, 70WG, the consumption rate of 0.6 kg / ha of edible lentil yield was 1.45 t / ha and was the highest in the experience with the use of herbicides.

Conclusion. Edible lentil weeds are dangerous competitors for life factors of plant crops. The presence of weeds in crops during the entire vegetation can reduce the yield of seeds by 86.7%. For a high yield of lentil seed, reliable protection against weeds is a prerequisite.

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Published
2019-03-20
How to Cite
Reznik, V., & Moshkovska, S. (2019). Control of butters in lines culinaris medic. Quarantine and Plant Protection, (3-4), 9-12. https://doi.org/10.36495/2312-0614.2019.3-4.9-12
Section
MEANS AND METHODS