Characteristics growth of mycelium of mushroom shiitake Lentinula Edodes (Berk.) Pegler in vitro

  • T. Ivanova National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, 15, Heroiv Oborony str. building 3, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03041
  • N. Voloschuk National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, 15, Heroiv Oborony str. building 3, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03041
Keywords: mycelium of shiitake mushroom, nanopreparation, microfertilizer

Abstract

Goal. The purpose of this work is to study the growth of the mycelium of the fungus Lentinula Edodes (Berk.) Pegler on nutrient media of different composition and also to study the features of the use of Avatar-1 micro fertilizer and sodium selenite.

Methods. Biotechnological research methods. Sodium selenite (Na2S eO3) at a concentration of 1.0 mmol / l was also used. Pure culture of the mushrooms had a very dense structure and white color. In our work, we used biotechnological methods — obtain this by subculturing the L. edodes strain in vitro; microbiological methods — obtaining pure culture of the fungus, the study of the cultural properties of the colonies. We set the pH value (pH) of nutrient media at the beginning and at the end of incubation. We applied mycological methods to measure the speed, density of growth and dry mass of mycelium. we used the light microscopy method. We performed statistical data processing.Method of light microscopy.

Results. The experiments showed about acceleration of mycelial growth, mass and the greatest yield of mycelium L. edodes were on a nutrient medium with microfertilizer Avatar-1. In the experiment, it was found that the maximum overgrowth of the medium by mycelium occurs at 7 days. We have been proved that in the «Avatar-1» nutrient medium there was an increase and consolidation of bifurcated hyphae and buckles of L. edodes. There was even germination of mycelium that did not have too thin or thick hyphae. The dependence of growth rate on the type of nutrient medium. Also, the of doses of the drug, which effectively influences the technology of obtaining primary mycelium L. edodes.

Conclusions. The dependence of the growth rate on the type of nutrient medium, the dose administration rate, as well as the cultivation regimes, that effectively influence and cheapen the technology of obtaining the primary mycelium L. edodes is demonstrated.

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Published
2019-03-20
How to Cite
Ivanova, T., & Voloschuk, N. (2019). Characteristics growth of mycelium of mushroom shiitake Lentinula Edodes (Berk.) Pegler in vitro. Quarantine and Plant Protection, (3-4), 20-25. https://doi.org/10.36495/2312-0614.2019.3-4.20-25
Section
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH