Acarocomplex of grape plantations of the South of Ukraine

  • Yu. Klechkovskyi Quarantine station of grape and fruit cultures of Institute of Plant Protection NAAS of Ukraine, 49/1, Fontanskaya road, Odessa, Ukraine, 65049, e-mail: oskvpk@te.net.ua
  • K. Shmatkovska Quarantine station of grape and fruit cultures of Institute of Plant Protection NAAS of Ukraine, 49/1, Fontanskaya road, Odessa, Ukraine, 65049, e-mail: oskvpk@te.net.ua
Keywords: acarocomplex, species composition, trophic groups, morphological features, spider mite, number, grape varieties

Abstract

Goal. To determine the species composition, dominant species, and territorial distribution of predatory and herbivorous ticks (phytophages) in the vineyards of southern Ukraine.

Methods. Field — route surveys of vineyards to study the fauna, trophic links and colonization of vineyards with ticks. Laboratory — determination of the species composition of representatives of the acarofauna of vineyards.

Results. During the study period, 17 species of ticks belonging to different trophic groups were identified, among which ticks dominate — phytophages of the Tetranychidae and Eriophyidae families. The most common among them were mites — phytophages, namely spider mites (Shhizotetranychus Oud., Tetranychus turkestanicus Ug.et Nich). Pests during the growing season go through four phases: prodromal, eruptive, gradation maximum and crisis. The graduation maximum phase, which is characterized by their greatest number, was noted during the period of intensive growth of berries and falls at the end of June — beginning of August (BBCH 71—79). The dynamics of the number of ticks by varieties is shown. The varieties most susceptible to spider mites were identified, the period of technical ripeness of which is medium, late or very late.

Conclusions. Identified 17 species of ticks belonging to different trophic groups: phytophages, acariphages and mycophages. Based on observations of changes in the number of pests on vineyards during the growing season, four phases are distinguished. The graduation maximum phase occurs at the end of June — beginning of August (VVSN 71—79). It was established that all the studied grape varieties were populated by mites to varying degrees, the most susceptible were varieties of medium and late ripening.

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Published
2020-09-18
How to Cite
Klechkovskyi, Y., & Shmatkovska, K. (2020). Acarocomplex of grape plantations of the South of Ukraine. Quarantine and Plant Protection, (7-9), 12-16. https://doi.org/10.36495/2312-0614.2020.7-9.12-16