Vinos buryanami company NPK for dfferent husband of plants of proceed prtropodybnogo

  • V. Naydenko Institute of Bioenergetic Cultures and Sugar Beet of NAAS 25, Clinical str. , Kyiv, Ukraine, 03141
  • S. Moshkivska Institute of Bioenergetic Cultures and Sugar Beet of NAAS 25, Clinical str. , Kyiv, Ukraine, 03141
Keywords: Sturgeons, millet-like, NPK compounds

Abstract

Goal. To establish the factors of negative influence of weeds on plants of culture in the process of their joint vegetation. Task: to determine volumes of absorption of compounds of mineral nutrition by weeds.

Methods. Common and special methods: Field - study of the influence of conditions of cultivation and agro measures on productivity indicators of millet; laboratory - definition of quantitative and qualitative characteristics; statistical - the establishment of mathematical models and statistical dependencies between the investigated factors and processes.

Results On average, over the years of research, weed plants yielded 95 kg / ha of nitrogen for the density of crops of millet, 50 pct/m2, and the increase in the density of cultivated plants to 100-150 pct/m2 contributed to reducing the removal to 45-32 kg/ha . At the same time, the minimum indices of nitrogen weeds planting on the wheat grassland crops were 200 pct/m2 - 24 kg/ha, respectively. The removal of phosphorus at the density of crops of millet crops of 50 pct/m2 was 57,7 kg/ha of phosphorus, and from an increase in the density of cultivated plants to 100-150 pct/m2, the reduction of the removal was reduced to 27.8-19.9 kg/ha. At the same time, the minimum indices of removal of phosphorous weeds by plants on the crops of millet were the density of 200 pct/m2 - 14.4 kg/ha, respectively.

Conclusion. The conducted studies allowed to determine that, on average, over the years, weeds of plants per hundred cubic meters of poppy-stalks produced 109 kg/hectare of potassium, while increasing the density of crops to 100-150 pct/m2 contributed to a decrease in take-off to 51.8 -37.1 kg / ha. At the same time, the minimum parameters of the removal of potassium weeds by plants on millet crops were 200 pct/m2 - 27.2 kg/ha respectively

References

BazdirEv G.I. (2004). Zahist sіlskogospodarskih kultur vіd bur’yanIv. [Protecting crops from weeds]. Moskva: Kolos. 328 p. [in Russian]

Nikonova G.N., Nikonov M.V. (2008) Vynos sornyakami elementov pitaniya iz pochvy v posevakh yarovogo rapsa [Weed nutrient removal from soil in spring rape crops]. Zemledelie. 2008. №2. Р. 36—37. [in Russian].

Siskevich, Yu.I., Nikonova G.N. (2009) Vynos osnovnykh elementov pitaniya iz pochvy v zavisimosti ot stepeni zasorennosti. Agrokhimicheskiy vestnik. [The removal of the main nutrients from the soil, depending on the degree of contamination]. Agrohimicheskiy vestnik. № 2. Р. 32—33. [in Russian].

Sanderson MA, Reed RL (2000) Switchgrass growth and development: water, nitrogen, and plant density effects. J Range Manage 53:221-227. [in English].

Rehm GW, Sorenson RC, Moline WJ (1976) Time and rate of fertilizer application for seeded warm-season and bluegrass pastures: I. Yield and botanical composition. Agron J 68:559-564.

Seepaul R, Macoon B, Reddy KR, Baldwin B (2011) Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) intraspecific variation and thermo tolerance classification using in vitro seed germination assay. Amer J Plant Sci 2:134-147. [in English].

Smart AJ, Moser LE (1997) Morphological development of switchgrass as affected by planting date. Agron J 89:958-962. [in English].

Trybel S.O. (Ed.), Sigariova D. D., Sekun M. P., Ivashchenko O. O. et al (2001). Metodyka vyprobuvannia i zastosuvannia pestytsydiv [Methods of testing and application of pesticides]. Kyiv: Svit. 448 p. [in Ukrainian].

Roik M.V., Hizbullin N.H., Sinchenko V.M., Prysiazhniuk O.I. et al. (Roik M.V, Hizbullina N.H. Eds.). (2014). Metodyky provedennia doslidzhen u buriakivnytstvi [Research methods in beet-growing] Kiev FOP Korzun D.Yu., 374 p. [in Ukrainian].

Published
2019-08-12
How to Cite
Naydenko , V., & Moshkivska , S. (2019). Vinos buryanami company NPK for dfferent husband of plants of proceed prtropodybnogo. Quarantine and Plant Protection, (7-8), 15-17. https://doi.org/10.36495/2312-0614.2019.7-8.15-17
Section
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH