Young peacock-shaped plants need protection
Goal. Paulownia felines — Paulownia tomentosa L., a promising bioenergy crop for our country. In the early stages of organogenesis (juvenile and immature), young plants of the peacock sprout easily suppress weeds. Therefore, young plantations of such a promising bioenergy crop need reliable and effective protection against the adverse effects of weeds.
Method. Weeding processes for young peacock plantations in the small field experiments were conducted in 2018—2019. on the experimental lands of the Yaltushk SSS IBEK and the Central Bank of NAAS The area of the plots is 36 m2, the area of the plot is 25 m2. Repeat studies — 4 times. Placement of sites is regular in two tiers. Seeds and young plants (seedlings) of Clone 112 were used for growing on the plots.
Results and Discussion. Contamination of plantations was mixed. The records, carried out on 01.06, recorded the presence of seedlings of Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Pal Beauv, Setaria glauca (L.) Pal.Beauv, Chenopodium album L., Sinapis arvensis L., Thlaspy arvense L., Polygonum scabrum Moench., mustard beetle, Polygonum convolvulus L, Solanum nigrum L. The number of weeds averaged 89.5 pcs/m2. The largest number of seedlings was recorded in millet rooster 12.4pcs/m2, mouse gray — 10.3 pcs/m2, white swans — 8.7 pcs/m2, bearded birch — 7.3 pcs/ m2, talaban field — 7.1 pcs/m2. By the third decade of August, their number had increased to 134.0 pieces/ m2.
Conclusions. Under the conditions of co-vegetation of young peacock-planted plants with weeds, the height of their plants by the second decade of September averaged 23.6.cm. The height of crop plants that vegetated without adversely affecting the presence of weed plantations (4 consecutive manual weeding) averaged 63.8 cm or 2.7 times greater. Such a negative impact requires the implementation of protection measures for young plants.
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