Assessment of soil clogging and seed productivity of weeds on poplar black landings
Goal. Determination of soil contamination of plots planted for planting black poplar and evaluation of seed productivity of weeds.
Methods. The level of seed productivity of the weeds was determined by the weighting method in the following sequence. In the experiment, 10 plants of one weed species were cut and manually threshed on a tarpaulin. The purified seeds were weighed and, after determining the mass of 1000 seeds, the average amount (thousand units /plant) of seeds per plant was converted.
Results. The problem with perennial plantations of bioenergy crops is that the plants are grown for 10—15 years in monoculture on the same section of the field. Consequently, large stocks of certain weeds in the soil can significantly affect the growth and development and productivity level of cultivated plants. So, before planting a plantation, it is necessary to assess the clogging of the plots for the presence of problematic weed species, which can potentially breed on black poplar plantings and impede effective plant care. Virtually all arable land is mothballed with a different weed seed bank. Weed seed stocks depend on the direction of use of the plot, the culture of agriculture, the quality of agricultural operations on care, crop rotation, culture, etc. However, two areas with the same seed reserves in the soil are difficult to find, although the percentage of the main weed species may be identical.
Conclusions. Weeds traditionally have high seed productivity and form large seed banks in the arable soil, reaching 1.5—2.0 million units / ha. Bioenergy crops, especially perennial species, are extremely sensitive to weeds in the first year of growing season. Because they form rather modest growths of vegetative mass and can not receive photosynthetically active energy to the soil, and therefore it is important to ensure the purity of the field from weeds during the first year of vegetation.
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